You may receive a Tax Form 1099 E from your loan servicer if you have federal student loans.
This important tax document shows the interest you paid on your loans in the previous tax year.
Receiving a 1099-E can be confusing, especially if it’s your first time dealing with student loan interest and taxes.
Don’t worry – I’ll walk you through what Form 1099-E is, why you receive it, and how to handle it on your tax return.
What Is Form 1099-E?
Form 1099-E, or the Student Loan Interest Statement, is issued by your federal student loan servicer.
It shows the total interest you paid in the previous tax year on your federal student loans, including Direct Loans, FFEL Loans, and Perkins Loans.
The 1099-E shows the interest you paid, not the total amount you paid toward your loan balance.
The amount includes all interest paid between January 1 and December 31 of the tax year, regardless of when your payments were due.
You’ll receive a 1099-E for each calendar year you paid over $600 in student loan interest. The form will be mailed to you by January 31.
You’ll also receive a copy electronically if you opt into paperless communications with your servicer.
One thing to note is private student loans don’t require a 1099-E since they aren’t federal loans.
You’ll need to consult your private loan lender for the interest paid if you need it for your tax return.
Why Do You Get a 1099-E for Student Loan Interest?
The IRS requires loan servicers to issue Form 1099-E because student loan interest can be deducted from your federal income tax return. This tax deduction can lower your taxable income for the year.
The IRS must document how much interest you paid to claim the deduction. Form 1099-E serves as the official documentation from your loan servicer.
However, it’s important to understand that the 1099-E shows the interest you paid, not the interest accrued on your loans. This distinction matters when claiming your deduction.
Also, receiving a 1099-E does not mean you have to take the student loan interest deduction. It’s an option you can take if it lowers your tax bill.
The 1099-E provides the information needed to take the tax deduction for your student loan interest. It makes it easier to document this deduction on your tax return.
How Much Can You Deduct for Student Loan Interest?
The student loan interest deduction reduces your annual taxable income by up to $2,500. This limit applies to all of your federal student loans combined.
The amount of interest you can deduct is gradually reduced (phased out) based on your income level:
- If your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is under $70,000 as a single filer or $140,000 if filing jointly, you can deduct up to $2,500.
- If your MAGI is between $70,000 and $85,000 (single) or $140,000 to $170,000 (joint), you can deduct part of the $2,500.
- You can’t take the deduction if your MAGI is over $85,000 (single) or $170,000 (joint).
These income thresholds are adjusted for inflation each year by the IRS. Check for the current phase-out levels when you file your taxes.
Also, note that you must make under the MAGI limits when you originally take out the loans and when you make interest payments to qualify for the full deduction.
How to Claim the Student Loan Interest Deduction
Claiming the student loan interest deduction is easy if you understand a few key steps:
1. Determine Your MAGI
Your modified adjusted gross income impacts how much interest you can deduct. You can find your MAGI on Line 8b of Form 1040.
2. Calculate Deductible Interest
Use the 1099-E amount, but don’t claim more than you paid in the tax year. If your interest payments were deferred or subsidized, only deduct the amount you paid.
3. Make Sure Interest Hasn’t Been Deducted Elsewhere
If your interest is already deducted elsewhere, like on a joint return with your spouse, you can’t deduct it twice.
4. Claim Deduction on Schedule 1
Enter the deductible amount on Line 21 of Schedule 1 (Form 1040). From there, it will reduce your taxable income for the year.
5. File Forms With Your Tax Return
You must file Form 1099-E and Schedule 1 with your completed Form 1040 to support the student loan interest deduction.
Following these steps helps ensure your tax return is completed accurately. Consult IRS Publication 970 for more details on this deduction.
What to Do if Your 1099-E Is Wrong
Your Form 1099-E should accurately reflect the interest paid on your federal student loans. But mistakes happen.
Double-check your loan records if the 1099-E amount seems too high or too low. Make sure the interest paid matches the period on the 1099-E.
Some common reasons your 1099-E may be inaccurate:
- You paid extra or made lump sum payments
- You had periods of non-payment
- Part of your interest was subsidized or deferred
- You consolidated or refinanced loans
- Loans were sold to a new servicer
Contact your loan servicer immediately if you find any discrepancies on your 1099-E. Ask them to investigate the issue and reissue a corrected 1099-E if needed. Be sure to get the correct amount in writing.
You’ll need to wait for a corrected 1099-E to file your return rather than filing with the wrong info. Submitting an amended return later can delay processing.
Read Also: Student Loan With Co-signer
How to Get Your 1099-E from Your Loan Servicer
Don’t panic if your 1099-E arrives after January 31. Follow up with your federal loan servicer if you have not received it by mid-February.
You have a few ways to get a copy of your 1099-E:
- Online account: Download directly from your loan servicer account portal.
- Website: Your servicer may have a website page to access it.
- By phone: Call customer service and request a copy.
- By mail: Submit a paper request for a duplicate 1099-E.
- By email: Email support to ask for a PDF copy.
Your service is required to provide a copy upon request. Save the 1099-E with your tax documents to support your return.
How Each Servicer Provides the 1099-E
To get your Form 1099-E as early as possible, it helps to know how your specific federal loan servicer issues them:
- Nelnet: Available in online account by January 31.
- Great Lakes: Mailed by January 31 and online shortly after.
- FedLoan Servicing: Mailed by January 31 and available online.
- MOHELA: Mailed and accessible in an online account.
- Advantage: Mailed by January 31 and available online.
- EdFinancial: Mailed by January 31 and can request online.
- OSLA: Mailed by January 31, also available via website.
- Granite State: Mailed by January 31, can request a duplicate.
Check your servicer’s website for the most up-to-date info on accessing your 1099-E.
How to Adjust Your Withholding if You Owe Taxes
If you claimed the student loan interest deduction in previous years but didn’t adjust your withholding, you may owe additional taxes when you file your return.
The interest deduction lowers your taxable income, which can drop you into a lower tax bracket. But if your employer still withholds taxes at a higher rate, you can get hit with a tax bill.
To avoid owing taxes for the first time, consider adjusting your federal tax withholding:
- Use the IRS Withholding Estimator tool to determine if you should submit a new W-4.
- If employed, submit a new W-4 to your payroll department to reduce withholding.
- If self-employed, make quarterly estimated payments instead of one annual payment.
- Also, consider increasing retirement contributions, flexible spending accounts, and other pre-tax deductions.
- Be conservative if you want a refund versus owing taxes.
Adjusting your withholding takes some planning, but it can help ensure you don’t owe a penalty when you file your return.
The student loan interest deduction is intended to save money, not result in a surprise tax bill.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do I Need to Attach Form 1099-E to My Tax Return?
You should include a copy of Form 1099-E when you submit your tax return if you claim the student loan interest deduction. This provides documentation to support the deduction amount.
What if I Paid Interest Not Reported on the 1099-E?
You can only deduct interest verified by official paperwork from your servicer. Unfortunately, you cannot claim a deduction if you paid interest not on your statement.
What if I Don’t Receive a 1099-E at All?
Contact your loan servicer immediately and request an official copy. You need this form to support deducting the interest paid. Not receiving a 1099-E doesn’t mean you forfeit the deduction.
Can I Deduct Interest on Private Student Loans?
Unfortunately, only interest paid on federal student loans is eligible for this deduction.
Private loan interest can still impact your taxes, though. Consult a tax professional for advice.
Where Do I Report Perkins Loan Cancellation?
If you had Perkins Loans canceled for qualifying public service, report it on Line 1 of Form 1040. You won’t owe taxes on the canceled amount.
Read Also: Student Loan Consolidation Rates
Managing student loan payments, interest, and taxes may feel complicated. But you can take control by understanding key forms like the 1099-E.
Be sure to file your taxes accurately and on time each year. If you receive a large refund, adjust your withholding to avoid interest-free loans to the IRS.
Follow up on discrepancies and work directly with your loan servicer to get the correct paperwork. Become familiar with deductions and education credits that can reduce your tax burden.
Most importantly, stay positive. Your student loans and interest payments cannot last forever. Keep working toward the day you can finally pay them off.