Student loan options: You’re nearing high school graduation and looking ahead to college.
You’ve been accepted to your dream school, but there’s one problem – the tuition is more than you and your family can afford now.
Don’t worry; you have options for paying for college. By learning about the different types of student loans available, you can decide how to fund your higher education.
This guide will walk you through the key things to know about student loans so you can confidently navigate this process.
Read Also: Best Student Loan Lenders in 2023
Student Loan Options
Here are the several loan options for student loans to go:
1. Federal Student Loans
Federal student loans offered by the U.S. Department of Education are always a good first option to consider.
Their interest rate is usually lower, and has more flexible repayment terms than private loans from banks or other lenders.
The two main types of federal loans are Direct Subsidized Loans and Direct Unsubsidized Loans.
I. Direct Subsidized Loans
Direct Subsidized Loans are need-based, meaning eligibility is determined by your financial circumstances.
A major benefit of Subsidized Loans is that the government pays the interest while you are in school.
This helps keep costs down during your college years. For 2023, Subsidized Loans have a fixed interest rate of 4.99%.
To be qualified for a Subsidized Loan, you must demonstrate financial need based on your Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) information.
Undergraduate students can borrow up to $3,500 for their first year, $4,500 for their second year, and $5,500 per year for years three through five of school.
II. Direct Unsubsidized Loans
The Department of Education also issues Direct Unsubsidized Loans. These are not need-based, so your income or assets do not determine eligibility.
With an Unsubsidized Loan, you are responsible for paying the interest during all periods, including while enrolled.
The interest rate for Undergraduate Unsubsidized Loans is 4.99%, fixed for 2023. You can borrow up to $5,500 annually as a dependent undergrad (up to $9,500 if independent).
Borrowing this type of federal loan builds your credit history and still gets you a better rate than most private loans.
To get either type of federal Direct Loan, you must complete the FAFSA application during your senior year of high school.
You must complete entrance counseling and sign a promissory note agreeing to the loan terms.
III. Federal PLUS Loans
If the borrowing limits on federal undergraduate loans still leave you short, Federal PLUS Loans can help cover the rest of your college costs.
These loans allow parents of dependent undergrads and graduate students to borrow additional funds.
Interest rates for new PLUS Loans are set at 7.54% for 2023. Eligibility isn’t based on demonstrated financial need. However, the borrower must pass a basic credit check.
For PLUS Loans borrowed by parents for a dependent student, the limit is the full cost of attendance minus any other financial aid received.
If your college costs $35,000 per year and you already have the maximum $5,500 subsidized loan, your parents could take out a PLUS Loan for the remaining $29,500.
Graduate student PLUS Loan limits equal the cost of attendance minus other aid.
Repayment begins after the loan is fully disbursed, but an in-school deferment can postpone payments until after graduation.
Read Also: Student Loan Refinance Rates
2. Private Student Loans
Private student loans are non-federal loans issued by banks, credit unions, or online lenders.
Interest rates and terms vary by lender but are generally less favorable than federal options.
However, private loans can provide extra funds when you’ve exhausted your federal loan eligibility.
With private loans, you can borrow up to the full cost of attendance minus any federal loans, grants, scholarships, etc.
Lenders determine your eligibility, loan amount, and interest rate based on your credit history, income, and debts. Many private loans require a cosigner.
Private student loan interest rates range from about 3% to 13%, depending on your creditworthiness and market rates.
Always compare rates from multiple competing lenders to get your best deal. Some top private lenders include Sallie Mae, College Ave, and Wells Fargo.
Remember that private loans lack some protections and benefits of federal loans, like income-driven repayment plans and student loan forgiveness programs.
Make sure you understand the costs and terms before borrowing.
How Much to Borrow
With all these loan options available, how do you determine the right amount to borrow to cover college costs? Here are some tips:
- Estimate your total college expenses – tuition, room and board, books, fees, etc. Don’t forget living costs.
- Subtract any grants, scholarships, or other free aid you’re receiving.
- Consider taking out the maximum federal Direct Loans each year.
- Fill any remaining gaps with PLUS Loans or private loans accordingly.
- Only borrow what you need so your debt after college isn’t overwhelming.
Read Also: Student Loan Consolidation Rates
Managing college costs is tough, but loans can help you access your desired education.
Evaluate the pros and cons of federal versus private loans. Apply for financial aid and scholarships.
And borrow wisely so student debt doesn’t derail your future.